• If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • Whenever you search in PBworks or on the Web, Dokkio Sidebar (from the makers of PBworks) will run the same search in your Drive, Dropbox, OneDrive, Gmail, Slack, and browsed web pages. Now you can find what you're looking for wherever it lives. Try Dokkio Sidebar for free.



Page history last edited by Andrew Booth 6 years, 6 months ago

Evidence Synthesis of QUalItative Research in Europe (ESQUIRE15) 

Methods Workshop on Qualitative Evidence Synthesis


This is a site to support the Evidence Synthesis of QUalItative Research in Europe (ESQUIRE) Methods Workshops on Qualitative Evidence Synthesis [Co-ordinated by the Cochrane Qualitative Research & Implementation Methods Group





Overview of the course:

This course is designed to provide participants with a state-of-the art perspective on the methodology of qualitative systematic reviews (qualitative evidence syntheses). It will focus on methods that feature in the forthcoming guidance of the Cochrane Qualitative Research Methods Group but will also incorporate a broader perspective on available methods of qualitative synthesis.


Suitable for:

  • Qualitative Researchers who want to learn how to synthesise qualitative research
  • Systematic Reviewers who want to learn how to translate synthesis methods to qualitative data
  • PhD Students in topic areas that will require substantive review of qualitative research
  • New researchers who want to develop evidence synthesis/systematic review
  • Qualitative systematic reviewers who want to update and extend their skills and knowledge


Expected outcomes of this Programme:

By the end of this programme participants will be able to:

  1. Describe the main methods of evidence synthesis in terms of their strengths and weaknesses
  2. Rehearse the stages of the systematic review process, specifically in relation to the methodological challenges associated with synthesis of qualitative evidence
  3. Distinguish between aggregative and interpretive approaches to qualitative evidence synthesis
  4. Identify circumstances under which framework analysis or grounded theory-based approaches to synthesis are most appropriate
  5. Describe the requirements for presenting data and disseminating the findings of qualitative evidence syntheses, both as standard-alone reviews and when integrating with the outputs of quantitative systematic reviews.


Overview of content:

The course will follow the main steps of the systematic review process as it applies, and is adapted to, qualitative evidence syntheses. The Programme Faculty will take participants through the stages of defining and exploring scope, conducting the literature searches, quality assessing studies for inclusion, synthesising data and writing up and presenting the product of the synthesis. The emphasis will be on those aspects of methods that either relate specifically to qualitative evidence synthesis or that need to be translated or adapted in order to meet new methodological challenges. Participants will be provided with an excellent overview of current methods of qualitative evidence synthesis together with practical experience of key stages in the review process.


Pre course requirements

No formal experience is required. A working knowledge of standard systematic review methods will be an advantage – alternatively participants would find it helpful to read Systematic Reviews: CRD’s guidance for undertaking reviews in healthcare (http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/crd/systematic_reviews_book.htmprior to the course. A background in qualitative research methodologies would be advantageous but is not essential .



The Halifax Conference Centre, Sheffield, S10 3ER

Overview of Course Structure:

Day One         23rd August 2015


Session 1 - Overview, Focusing the Question and Searching


11.00am  Registration & Refreshments


12 Noon   Buffet Lunch


1pm    Introduction and Overview

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


1.30pm    Focusing the Question

  Dr Janet Harris <Presentation> <Handouts>


2.15pm   Qualitative Evidence Synthesis - Case Study

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


2.45pm  Break & Refreshments


3.15pm  Planning Your Review 

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


3.45pm   Searching  for Qualitative Evidence, Using Filters & Supplementary Methods

  Ms Helen Woods  <Presentation> <Handout>


4.45pm  Summary of the Day

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


Day Two         25th August 2015

Session Two - Data Extraction & Quality Assessment


9.30am   Choosing a Method of Qualitative Synthesis

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


9.45am   Introducing QES Methods – the Basics (Thematic Synthesis and Framework   Synthesis)

  Dr Andrew Booth,  Dr Kate Flemming & Mr Duncan Chambers <Presentation>


10:30am  Break & Refreshments


10.45am  Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis

                         (Part One – Data Extraction)

  Dr Andrew Booth & Dr Kate Flemming & Mr Duncan Chambers <Presentation>


11.30am  Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis

  (Part two – Quality Assessment)

   Dr Andrew Booth & Dr Kate Flemming & Mr Duncan Chambers 

<Handout 1a> <Handout 1b> <Handout 1c>

<Handout 2a> <Handout 2b>

<Handout 3a> <Handout 3b>

Handout 4

Article A - Barriers and facilitators to patients adherence to antiretroviral treatment .docx

Article B Barriers to acceptance and adherence of antiretroviral therapy in urban Zambian women.docx

Article C Factors facilitating and challenging access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy.docx

Article D Barriers to accessing highly active antiretroviral in Uganda.pdf

Article E Adherence to HAART A Systematic Review.docx



12.30pm   Lunch



Session Three – Analysis, Synthesis and Writing Up


1.30pm  Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis

  (Part Three  –  Synthesising  across Studies)

   Dr Andrew Booth, Dr Kate Flemming & Mr Duncan Chambers


3.00pm  Break & Refreshments


3.15pm  Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis

  (Part Four – Completing the Analysis)

  Dr Andrew Booth, Dr Kate Flemming & Mr Duncan Chambers


3.45 pm  Feedback and Summing Up

  Dr Kate Flemming 


4.15pm   Where to Next? 


4.30pm   Writing Up and Dissemination

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


Day Three      26th August 2015

Session Four –  Methodological Challenges- Focusing, Study Identification and Assessment.


9am  Realist Synthesis 101

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


9:30am  Meta – ethnography 101

  Dr Ruth Garside <Presentation>


10am  Overview of Methodological Issues

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


10.15am  Issues and Challenges around Scoping, Focusing the Question & Use of   Models and Theory

  Dr Janet Harris <Presentation>


11am  Issues and Challenges around Searching for Literature

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


11.20am  Break & Refreshments


11:50am  Issues and Challenges around Assessing Qualitative Research

  Dr Karin Hannes <Presentation>


12.30pm  Lunch


Session Five - Methodological Challenges - Synthesis and Integration


1.30pm  Issues and Challenges around Synthesising Qualitative Research

  Dr Ruth Garside <Presentation>


2.15pm  Issues and Challenges around Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Data

  Dr Andrew Booth <Presentation>


3.00pm  Methodological Roundtable Discussion

  Dr Andrew Booth, Dr Ruth Garside & Dr Janet Harris


3.20pm  The Way Forward – Taking your Interest Further

  Dr Andrew Booth & Dr Janet Harris 


3.30pm  Refreshments and Departure



Select Bibliography 


Further Information


Seers 2012 What is a qualitative synthesis.pdf

Snilstveit et al (2012) Narrative approaches.pdf

Tong 2014 A guide to reading and using systematic reviews.pdf 


ASQUS Discussion List

Cochrane Handbook - Chapter 20: Qualitative research and Cochrane reviews. Noyes J, Popay J, Pearson A, Hannes K and Booth A on behalf of the Cochrane Qualitative Research Methods Group. Copyright © 2008 The Cochrane Collaboration.

Cochrane Qualitative Evidence Synthesis Register
Cochrane Qualitative Research Methods Group 

First Ever Qualitative Cochrane Review

Cochrane QIMG Anniversary Article


Realist synthesis protocols:

Protocol: a realist review of user fee exemption policies for health services in Africa

Protocol: Assessing the outcomes of participatory research: protocol for identifying, selecting, appraising and synthesizing the literature for realist review

Protocol: Understanding the relationship between the perceived characteristics of clinical practice guidelines and their uptake: protocol for a realist review


Tools to Assist Qualitative Reviewers

  • Cochrane Guidance

Chapter 1: Developing a protocol in REVMAN (in development)

Chapter 2: Question Formulation

Chapter 3: Searching

Chapter 4: Critical appraisal

Chapter 5: Data-extraction

Chapter 6: Synthesis


CRD Undertaking Systematic Reviews - Chapter 6 on Incorporating qualitative evidence in or alongside effectiveness reviews

Exemplar: 'Medication career' or 'Moral career'? The two sides of managing antidepressants: A metaethnography of patients' experience of antidepressants


In A Nutshell series

1. Best Fit Framework Synthesis


Email: Andrew Booth


An Archive of the materials from ESQUIRE2009ESQUIRE2010ESQUIRE2011; ESQUIRE2012ESQUIRE2013;ESQUIRE2014 is also available. 



Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.